Friday, April 20, 2012

H - Helen of Sparta/Troy #paganblogproject

Part of my personal Aphrodisian gnosis is that Helen of Sparta (later of Troy) is one of the avatars and "priestesses" of Aphrodite that we see in Greek myth. She shares a great number of identifying characteristics with the Goddesses of Love and Beauty, including being named Dios Thugater, Daughter of God (Zeus). Aphrodite, a patroness of the Trojans, gives this daughter of the Hellenes -- wife of a Hellenic king --  as a prize to Paris without so much as a thought to whether or not she was hers to give. Even among the immortals, this is bold unless we consider that Aphrodite does indeed have a claim on Helen.

And she does. Helen's ancestry is attached to Aphrodite for generations, putting the girl squarely in the Golden One's hands. When Aphrodite says "Go" (as she tells Helen several times throughout the mortal's relationship with Paris), Helen is compelled to obey.

One of my current writing projects is a novel (Temple of Beauty) that explores the life of Helen, much as my book Temple of Love explored the life of Sappho. What follows in this blog post are excerpts, two full (non-consecutive) chapters, from the Temple of Beauty, my own interpretation of the life of Helen of Sparta. (It is told in the voice of her sister, Clytemnaestra.)

*~*~*~*~*~*

“Entwined”

“My mother did NOT have sex with a swan,” I raged as a child. “God or not! Who would do that?”

Nobody listened to me, though. “You were hatched from eggs,” they said. “Zeus came to your mother as a swan, knowing she would never knowingly betray her husband.” They pointed to my brothers’ skullcap hats as proof. “The remnants of the shell,” they whispered. Secretly, I believe our brothers wore the hats because of people’s silly rumors. They found it to be a great joke when we were young, and as adults it always worked in their favor to remind the world that they were “sons of Zeus” – men worthy of consideration.

Helen and I are twins. You might have known this, I suppose, but it’s easy to forget since we look nothing alike. Everyone knows our brothers are twins. Kastor and Pollux. Living their lives so bound up in each other, the gods transformed their twin souls into star-set Gemini when they died.

No stories of sisterly affection or close bond for Helen and Klytemnaestra, though.  We didn’t begin or end our lives with enmity, but where our brothers lived and died by each other’s sides, Helen and I were as alien as any two women could have been.

Our mother was the Queen of Sparta, just as Helen was after her. She bore the four of us together, but two of us were sired by the mortal king, while the other two were fathered by an immortal god. Helen and Pollux had the touch of divinity upon them from birth. Beautiful, radiant, marked.

“Zeus, king of the gods, is the father of those two,” people said. “He placed the starry swan in the sky to mark the birth of beautiful Helen.”

The boys were both strong, swift and clever. They wrestled without fear, laughed without shame, and rode without division between themselves and their mounts. Sparta hailed them as the kingdom’s young defenders, and they first practiced this role on Helen and me.

We girls also wrestled bravely, as all Spartan women must, but Helen’s skill in the arena was not enough to prevent her first abduction or to manage an escape. Only Kastor and Pollux could reclaim her from Theseus. Only Kastor and Pollux could smuggle Helen out of Athens and restore her to Sparta.

Theseus stole Helen from us when we were fourteen. Theseus, victor over the Minotaur. Theseus, ruler of Athens. Theseus, lover of every great beauty in the Mediterranean. And so the great hero decided he would have my sister and could not be persuaded otherwise, not by my parents or by the gods themselves.

“Athens is the greatest city in Greece, fair Helen,” he said to her as his oarsmen swiftly rowed them toward that place and away from my father. “Being king there, it is fitting that my queen be the daughter of immortal Zeus, king of the gods. His favor, through you, will shine on me and my city.”

The Spartan princess gave him nothing easily, not even words. What he had from her, he was obliged to take.
“You are my bride now, beautiful Helen, child of Zeus,” he cooed in an attempt to woo her. “That means that you are Queen – and wife to the greatest hero of our age.”

An ugly look crossed her pretty face as she sniffed in disdain.

Nonplussed, he sputtered, “Am I not worthy of the daughter of a God?” His rage was rising.

Slowly, her glinting eyes glided back to his gaze. “I would be the happiest wife of the lowliest hoplite in Sparta if I could rid myself of your arrogant Athenian imposition.”

His only retort came from the back of his hand, and it left the side of her face swollen, stinging and red. She silently vowed never to give him the holy saltwater of her tears, not for so small an injury, and certainly never when he might see her.

She lived as his prisoner, if also as his wife, for two years. Her mother-in-law became her warden, and the daughter she bore to Theseus became her tiny cell-mate.

Of course, Helen would have been known to the world as “Helen of Athens” if it weren’t for our brothers. The boyhood games of rescuing Helen and I from sea monsters as we cursed and fought against the imagined creatures from our restraints on the rocky shore transformed into the battle tactics of men. Young men, brash and bold and un-bearded, unwilling to have a sister and a woman of the royal house of Sparta snatched from under their noses.

“A small crew is best,” Kastor told our father. “We want to be unseen, slipping through the waters, through the city, through Theseus’ door.” Kastor was always such a cunning youth. His wit sliced like a knife. You wanted him with you for every sticky situation, knowing he would carve a way out of it.

They waited, watched and listened within the walls of Theseus’ lands when they arrived. Using plots and ploys, they let the hour ripen to pluck Helen from her jail, stealing away her warden to become her slave as revenge for their sister’s abduction.  When Theseus went to the underworld to abduct a bride for his brother, Kastor and Pollux brought Theseus’ own mother back in servitude to Sparta, Helen’s servant for many years.

“And on his throne, we left his rival to rule,” Pollux crowed, drinking the sweet wine for which he was named.  “Theseus is brought low for his pride. He sought to steal the daughters of the gods from the families to whom they belong, and he has lost all.”

 “He took me,“ Helen told me later. “He took me from my home and family. He took me from myself, my maidenhood. Gave me his daughter to bear and his mother to watch over us both. He thrust them both upon me, and then he left us all as he went in search of greater glory and an immortal wife for his brother. Theseus.”  She spat on the earthen floor when she said his name. Such crudeness from my pristine twin.

She was utterly unable to love the child. “She looks like her father,” she said plaintively as she looked into the little girl’s face. “All I see is him when I behold her. How can I take her lovingly to my bosom when she reminds me of the man I despise? Perhaps I should seek a Spartan family to foster her. She is healthy.”

“She might be her father’s child,” I said, “but she is also yours. Iphigenia looks like our family, too, and she is touched with your beauty, Sister. I am, myself, roused with motherly affection for the little girl. Keep her within our own family, and give her to me to rear. I will be her mother, and you shall become her aunt.”

Helen was both elated and relieved, but there was another emotion working behind that beautiful fa├žade as well. An odd look came upon her as she placed the toddler in my arms. She studied our faces, and as moisture dampened her bright eyes, she said, “She looks like your own daughter, Klytemnaestra. ” She paused for a steadying breath. “And so she shall be.”

 So little Iphigenia became my daughter before I ever knew the marriage bed.

Kastor and Pollux made sacrifices to Zeus, king of the gods and father to the divine ones among us. Helen made sacrifices to Aphrodite, goddess of love, thanking her for being rid of an unwanted union.  I now had a baby, no husband and no stain upon my honor for the unlikely combination, so my sacrifices were for Artemis, the protectress of children, of girls.

Both sets of twins were reunited –  sisters and brothers, divine and mortal, connected  and separate. Our tales are linked together, the four of us, from our births to our deaths. Kastor and Pollux were bound up in each other so that the world saw it at their first breaths, but none of us were ever free of the bonds of kinship, of twin-ship, that ruled our lives. They would set sail again to reclaim Helen for Sparta, for abduction was a cycle stamped into her very soul.

 I would stay behind. Our childhood games never positioned me to rescue my sister, and reality didn’t have us both ravished and in need of rescue. Indeed, I was a prudent and unsung foil to my impetuous and fabled sister.

 “You are my mirror’s reflection,” she said to me once. “Or perhaps I am yours. It’s hard to tell which side of the polished copper I stand on when I look at you. I see myself as I ought to be  – the dutiful mother, the honorable wife, the mighty queen.”

     I would forever be her reflection, and she would be mine – opposites, staring at each other from across a thin but impassable gulf.




“Abduction”

She loved Menelaus like no other. History and myth haven’t told that portion of my sister’s story well. For Helen, the Spartan queen, her strong war-king was a far greater prize than a pretty shepherd. Paris was her duty, as the golden Goddess of love made clear, and Helen loved him as much as her body would allow. Her spirit, though, had been wedded to the towering, thundering, iron-hardened warrior who swept across the sea to reclaim his beloved queen.

If she was Aphrodite made flesh, he was Ares. They were mortal enough to die in the end, I promise you that much. For proof, look to the banks of the river near the town of Therapne. My sister’s clay was burned there, high on the funeral pyre. A tree still stands there in her honor, and a shrine they call the Menalaion, for her husband.

I won’t lie to you, gentle guest, and say she didn’t love the pretty shepherd, too. Paris was charming, and he endeared himself to Helen of Sparta. The Gods make their plans, and Aphrodite always knew that Helen would make the journey across the sea to Troy. Even before that dreadful contest.

You’ve heard the tale of that golden apple and the appointment of Paris as judge, I’m sure. No? Oh, my friend, the world believes the story starts here, so let me share the briefest telling of that tale.

At a certain marriage feast, all the Gods of Olympos were invited. All but Eris, for who would willingly welcome Strife into their marriage? And yet, who could keep her out? And so she came, but the gift she brought was conflict, cleverly concealed. She rolled in a golden apple engraved with a single word. “Kallisti.” It means “for the fairest.” Aphrodite, with the grace of a dove, bent to lift it, knowing she was the fairest of gods and men. Hera, queen of the Olympians, recognized the apple as being stolen from her own evening orchard and strutted with a peacock’s beauty to claim the prize, while grey-eyed Athene, stunning in her wisdom, swooped in to forestall the fray. When the parents of swift Akhilles married, all the Gods of Olympos were invited. All but Strife, for who would willingly welcome Strife into their marriage? And yet, who could keep her out? And so she came, with a gift of her own. She rolled in a golden apple engraved with a single word. “Kallisti.” For the fairest. Aphrodite, with the grace of a dove, bent to lift it, knowing it was hers. Hera, queen of the Olympians, recognized the apple from her evening orchard and strutted with a peacock’s beauty to claim the prize, while grey-eyed Athene, stunning in her wisdom, swooped in to forestall the fray.

Paris was chosen to settle the dispute that erupted between the three goddesses. Paris, a Trojan prince. Paris, a handsome and romantic youth. Paris, a shepherd whose city was favored of old by lovely Aphrodite.

Each goddess appealed to the young prince with the greatest reward she could offer the young man. Hera, in all her royal authority, came to him first. “I can make you a king like there has never been among men before. Your father is a majestic man, but your reign, young prince, will span boundaries no mortal has yet dared to reach and bring you riches beyond imagining. Kingship will be yours, if you give the apple to me.” She left him with a light in his eyes and a desire for power he hadn’t known could stir within his heart.

Happily considering her offer, Paris was approached by solemn Athena. He saw the warning in her eyes, like storm clouds building over a troubled sea. “That apple is no trifle or trinket, Paris. By giving it into my care, you would show wisdom beyond other men. I can turn that wisdom into the makings of legend and lore. Your name will be sung for generations beyond count as a great hero.”

Aphrodite spoke directly to the shepherd’s heart. “The apple’s intended owner is clear enough, sweet boy. It is marked ‘for the fairest,’ and that is me.” She blushed sweetly and continued, “Is it a boast if I say this of myself?”
Paris, at last given leave to speak among the immortal ones, said, “It is not a boast, for all the poets and philosophers hail the beauty of golden Aphrodite.”

“There is a mortal woman whose beauty the poets sing, too, sweet Paris,” Aphrodite continued. “Helen of Sparta is a woman in whose face and form my own beauty shines. In exchange for this prize, lovely Paris, I will give you the greatest love the world has ever known. You will be beloved of the most beautiful woman in the world, and poets and philosophers will tell your tale until the gods turn their shining faces from the world and men have sung their last songs.”

And so, my friend, Love won the contest. Oh, the war was bitter and Helen was cursed by Trojans and Greeks alike, but Aphrodite knew that Paris was like most mortals. He understood that love was as precious as gold.

H - HPS Disease #paganblogproject

I'd like to write about a very serious matter that affects an unfortunate number of Witches and Wiccans, possibly even with some over-spill into the greater Pagan community. This is a condition that I have not only witnessed first-hand, but it is one that I have had to battle myself. I'm glad to say that I came back from my exposure to this illness -- for it is truly an affliction -- though my rebound was not through any great enlightenment, strength, or power of my own. I was lucky enough to have it knocked out of me, which is (I believe) the only real way to recover from it.

I'm speaking, of course, of High Priestess Disease.

HPS Disease can affect either gender, but it is most commonly seen in the female -- the Priestess -- since it is She who is given Supreme Authority within most Wiccan Traditions. Even outside of Wiccan Trads, the custom has been adopted by many that the HPS outranks the High Priest (HP) should they come into conflict.

Oh, and how many times was such a phrase uttered: "So sayeth I -- Lady Goldenhair, Lady Fuzzy-Butt, and SHE!" Thus endeth all debate from amongst the lowly plebeians.


A Witch with HPS does not understand the workings of an egalitarian, non-hierarchical coven. In fact, a well-meaning mentor with a clear case of HPS warned me against "giving away my power" when I shared responsibility and duties for coven tasks with my coven-mates.

Very serious cases of HPS Disease can be noted in which Witches refer to themselves in public, social settings as "Lady" Such-and-Such -- often as part of their e-mail signature/name or online alias. They often anticipate that others -- people completely outside of their own covens -- will refer to them as Lady Daphne or Lady Velma without batting an eye. (If this *doesn't* strike you as odd, the custom of referring to a 3* priest/ess as Lord or Lady originated as part of circle etiquette -- reserved for circle, and used with magical names known within the coven.)

I started to fall into the trap. I'll admit it. I followed a bad example a little closer than I realized and started taking the "because I said so" attitude with my covenmates. I lost one because of it -- lost her as a friend, which still pains me. My coven and the whole darn Trad fell apart because my own HPS had such a serious case of it that first she and I fell out, and then she broke up everything.

Power over others is not a power that I think plays out well in modern Craft -- not even in modern versions of Traditional Craft (like I practice). I am again the Mistress of a coven -- one of two Mistresses. We are its care-takers and protectors. Its mentors and teachers. And as each Witch is raised up in the Trad, they come to see that they are just as responsible, just as powerful (and sometimes as powerless) as we. Each teaches and each learns. The only difference is in the length of time on the Path, the number of times around the Mill.

Monday, April 9, 2012

G is for Graces #paganblogproject


The Kharites, or Graces, were the Goddesses of pleasure, joy, beauty , dancing and happiness. They were the Goddesses of “favor” – the favors of beauty and charm and delight. The favors of those almost unnamable, intangible qualities of attraction. They offer us the gifts of physical beauty and of pleasant  demeanor and outlook. Furthermore, they teach us practical and useful skills in the areas of bodily adornment, dancing, entertaining,  decorating, and seduction. Together with the Mousai, they bestow talent on mortals and serve as sources of inspiration for the arts. Together with the Horae, they celebrate the beauty of the natural world.




In the Athenian accounts, there are three Graces: Aglaia, Euphrosyne, and Thalia. However, other city-states numbered and named the Graces according to there own traditions. This is as complete a list as I can offer at this time.

Aglaia is the oldest of all the Graces, and she is sometimes just called Kharis. She is also sometimes called Kalleis, which means “beautiful.”  She is the Grace of beauty, adornment, splendor and glory.

Euphrosyne is the second sister of this triad. She presides over merriment, joy and mirth. Euthymia, or contentment, is another name for her.

Thalia is the youngest of this triad of sisters. Her name means “good cheer,” and she is credited with presiding over banquets and festive celebrations. Thalia is also the Muse of comedy.

Antheia’s name relates to flowers, and she is credited with overseeing floral decorations and the garlands worn to parties and festivals.

Eudaimonia is the Goddess of happiness, opulence and prosperity.

Paidia is the Goddess of play and amusement.

Pandaisia is the Goddess of rich banquets.

Pannykhis is the Goddess of night-time revelries and celebrations.

Phaenna and Kleta are Graces that were worshipped in Sparta. Phaenna means “shining” and Kleta means “fame, glory.”

Auxo and Hegemone were Horae (or Seasons) that were also worshipped as Graces. Auxo was the Goddess of Spring growth. The name Hegemone means “Queen” or “Leader.” The Horae were said to be present at Aphrodite’s birth, and they are usually given credit for dressing her in a garment that is shot with innumerable hues.

Peitho, Goddess of persuasion, is often listed as one of the Graces.

Pasithea is the Grace of relaxation, the wife of Hypnos, God of sleep. She may also be associated with hallucinogenic drugs.


Symbols:
Garlands, dice

Offerings and Sacrifices:
Myrtle, myrrh, rose, balsam, crocus, anemone, jewelry

Primary Cult Center(s):
Orkhomenos in northern Boiotia and the Aegean island of Paros

Festivals:
The Kharites were honored as attendants at many rites, but there are no existing records that indicate festivals in their honor.

Ways to honor:
Dance; arrange flowers; decorate a room; wear flattering clothes and jewelry; take time with your appearance; make others comfortable in social settings; play games

For more information:
Alcaeus, Fragment 386
Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 4. 425
Apuleius, The Golden Ass 4.3; 6. 24; 10.30
Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae 280; 970
Bacchylides, Fragment 10; 15
Callimachus, Aetia Fragment 3. 1 (from Oxyrhynchus Papyri 7)
Callimachus, Fragment 491
Colluthus, Rape of Helen 88; 174
Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. 72. 5
Greek Lyric V Anonymous, Fragments 937 (Inscription from the shrine of Asclepius at Epidaurus)
Hesiod, Catalogues of Women Fragment 14; 68; 92
Hesiod, Theogony 53; 907; 945
Hesiod, Works and Days 69
Homer, Iliad 14. 231; 18. 382
Homeric Hymn 3 to Pythian Apollo 186
Homeric Hymn 5 to Aphrodite 58; 94
Homeric Hymn 6 to Aphrodite 2
Homeric Hymn 27 to Artemis 14
Ibycus, Fragment 284; 288
Nonnus, Dionysiaca 13. 94; 16. 130; 24. 261; 31. 203; 33. 4;  34. 36; 34. 112; 41. 212; 48. 530;
Orphic Hymn 60 to the Charites
Ovid, Fasti 5. 217
Ovid, Metamorphoses 6. 428
Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 22. 7; 2. 17. 3; 2. 34. 10; 3. 14. 6; 3. 18. 6; 3. 18. 9; 5. 11. 7; 5. 14. 10; 6. 24. 6; 7. 5. 9; 9. 35. 1; 9. 38. 1
Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. 10
Pindar, Eulogies Fragment 123
Pindar, Nemean Ode 4. 6; 5.54
Pindar, Olympian Ode 1. 30; 2. 50; 6. 75; 9. 21;  9. 25; 14.1-14.5
Pindar, Pythian Ode 2. 42; 5.45; 9.89; 12. 26
Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 210
Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface
Sappho, Fragment 53; 103; 128; 194; 208
Simonides, Fragment 10D; 67
Strabo, Geography 9. 2. 40
Suidas s.v. Aigles Kharites
Suidas s.v. Hai Kharites gumnai
The Anacreontea, Fragment 5; 16; 35; 38; 46
Theognis, Fragment 1. 15; 1.1135




Links
Charities at Encyclopedia Mythica
Kharites page on Theoi.com

G is for Graveyard Rabbits #paganblogproject

In February, when I joined the Pagan Blog Project, I discovered another group -- the Association of Graveyard Rabbits. I found this group through one of the PBP bloggers -- Yeshe Rabbit, who is herself a member of both groups and maintains this blog about graveyard rabbiting.

The Association is, according to its own words, "dedicated to the academic promotion of the historical importance of cemeteries, grave markers, and the family history to be learned from a study of burial customs, burying grounds, and tombstones; and the social promotion of the study of cemeteries, the preservation of cemeteries, and the transcription of genealogical/historical information written in cemeteries."

In my last post, I wrote about familiars, mine being -- of course -- the hare. I've also mentioned on more than one occasion that I work quite a lot with the Mighty Dead, and I consider myself a necromancer. How excited was I, then, to discover a link between the rabbit and the grave?

And why not? Why shouldn't there be such a connection? The rabbit is a symbol of life and fecundity. In the great balance, it seems more than natural that she should also be linked to death.One, after all, invariably leads to the other.

Here is my own beginning of a blog in my work and research as an American Gypsy Graveyard Rabbit. I've just begun, so it's slim, but I'll be adding a lot in months and years to come.

The Graveyard Rabbit
by Frank Lebby Stanton

In the white moonlight, where the willow waves,
He halfway gallops among the graves—
A tiny ghost in the gloom and gleam,
Content to dwell where the dead men dream,

But wary still!        
For they plot him ill;
For the graveyard rabbit hath a charm
(May God defend us!) to shield from harm.

Over the shimmering slabs he goes—
Every grave in the dark he knows;        
But his nest is hidden from human eye
Where headstones broken on old graves lie.

Wary still!
For they plot him ill;
For the graveyard rabbit, though sceptics scoff,        
Charmeth the witch and the wizard off!

The black man creeps, when the night is dim,
Fearful, still, on the track of him;
Or fleetly follows the way he runs,
For he heals the hurts of the conjured ones.        

Wary still!
For they plot him ill;
The soul’s bewitched that would find release,—
To the graveyard rabbit go for peace!

He holds their secret—he brings a boon        
Where winds moan wild in the dark o’ the moon;
And gold shall glitter and love smile sweet
To whoever shall sever his furry feet!

Wary still!
For they plot him ill;        
For the graveyard rabbit hath a charm
(May God defend us!) to shield from harm. 


The Hare
by Walter de la Mare

In the black furrow of a field
I saw an old witch-hare this night;
And she cocked a lissome ear,
And she eyed the moon so bright,
And she nibbled of the green;
And I whispered "Wh-s-st! witch-hare,"
Away like a ghostie o'er the field
She fled, and left the moonlight there.